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Arkistoitu opetussuunnitelma 2012–2015
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MARIH1 Systems in Transition I 5 op
Organised by
MDP in Research and Innovation in Higher Education
Planned organizing times
Period(s) I II III IV
2012–2013 X X
2013–2014 X X
2014–2015 X X

General description

History of Higher Education, regional focus: Europe

The course is offered at the Danube University Krems, Austria.

Learning outcomes

To enable students to:
- understand the development and the content of education sector related policies and activities of the European Union
- understand the impact of EU policies and actions on national HE systems and national HE policies and the process of Europeanization in the education sector
- understand the implications of EU policies and actions on the governance and management of higher education system and higher education institutions
- make an effective use the opportunities provided by community education programs (e.g. Erasmus) for HEIs
- demonstrate understanding about key characteristics in higher education
- compare different types, procedures and processes in higher education
- demonstrate understanding of specificities of higher education compared to other stages of education or other public sectors


- The history of European cooperation in the field of education
- Education related policy initiatives and policies if the European Union since the adoption of the Lisbon strategy
- The linkage of higher education policy with other policy areas in the EU (e.g. employment, regional development, research and innovation policies)
- Key stakeholders in higher education and differences in their cultures, positions and interests
- Main organisational structures in higher education on various levels, from individual departments, through faculties, universities to system level
- Similarities and differences between private and public higher education institutions, as well as key differences between the university and non-university sector
- Relationship between teaching and research, as two key activities in higher education
- Differences, as well as similarities of higher education with respect to other public sectors (e.g. health) and with respect to other stages of education (e.g. primary and secondary education)
- The EU and the Bologna Process
- The Lifelong Learning Program of the European Union with a particular stress on the higher education sector
- The “Education and Training 2020” strategy of the European Union

Teaching methods

Teaching method Contact Online
Lectures 30 h 0 h
Independent work 95 h 0 h

Readings, lectures, group discussions

Teaching language


Modes of study

Option 1
Available for:
  • Degree Programme Students
  • Other Students
  • Open University Students
  • Doctoral Students
  • Exchange Students
Essay  Participation in course work 
In English
Numeric 1-5. 

Student workload:
Readings 35 Hours
Lectures and group discussions 30 Hours
Paper 60 Hours
Total 125 Hours

Evaluation and evaluation criteria

Numeric 1-5.
Assessment methods: Paper (70%), Class attendance (30%)

Study materials

Recommended reading

  • Becher T. (2001) Academic tribes and territories. Open University Press
  • Clark, B. (1983) The higher education system: academic organisation in cross-national perspective. Berkeley:University of California Press
  • Field, J. (1988): European Dimensions. Education, Training and the European Union. Higher Education Policy Series 39. Jesica Kingsley Publishers. London and Philadelphia.
    Chapter One: The European Dimension and the Global Context; Chapter Two: Developing Policies for Education and Training, 1957-1992; Chapter Three: Educating a Europe of the People: The 1990s;
  • Hingel, A. J. (2001): Education policies and European governance. Contribution to the Interservice Groups on European Governance. European Commission Directorate-General for Education and Culture Education. DG EAC/A/1 (Development of Educational Policies). March 2001
  • Pépin, L. (2007) The History of EU Cooperation in the Field of Education and Training: how lifelong learning became a strategic objective. European Journal of Education, Vol. 42, No. 1
  • Commission of the European Communities (2003): The role of the universities in the Europe of knowledge. Communication from the Commission. COM(2003) 58 final . Brussels, 05.02.2003. (http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/education_training_youth/lifelong_learning/c11067_en.htm)
  • European Commission (2006): The history of European cooperation in education and training. Luxembourg;
  • EURYDICE (2009): Higher Education in Europe 2009: Developments in the Bologna Process. European Commission. Brussels
  • Wechsler, H.S., Goodchild, F.L. (eds.) (2008) The History of Higher Education, Pearson Custom Publishing;
  • Haskins, Ch. (2001) The Rise of Universities. Foundations of Higher Education, Transaction Publishers;
  • A History of the University in Europe, voll. 1-3 (1994-2004), Cambridge University Press;
  • Anderson, R.D. (2004) European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914, Oxford University Press;
  • University for a Changing World. The Role of the University in the Late Twentieth Century. Ed. By Michel D. Stephens and Gordon W. Roderick, Halsten Press Book, NY, 1975

Belongs to following study modules

Archived Teaching Schedule. Please refer to current Teaching Shedule.